Jul. 17
1942
S T A L I N G R A D
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Feb. 2
1943

TIMELINE


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1942


July
12
Creation of the Stalingrad Front
Stalingrad Front
Timoshenko
16
Following the dismissal of von Bock, von Weichs is given command of Army Group South
Weichs
17
Forward units of German 6th Army engage units of Soviet 62nd Army on the Chir river line
62 Army 6 Field Army
Kolpakchi Paulus
23
Führer Directive N° 45 orders to advance simultaneously to the Caucasus and Stalingrad
Army group B
Hitler
Gordov is given command of the Stalingrad Front
Stalingrad Front
Gordov
24
6th Army motorized units break 62nd Army's defences and reach the Don north of Kalach
62 Army 6 Field Army
28
Order No. 227 "Not a step back!" issued by Stalin
Stalin
29
The Orders of Suvorov, Kutuzov, and Alexander Nevskij are instituted
Stalin
31
4th Panzer Army transferred from the Caucasus to the Stalingrad direction by Führer's order
4 Panzer Army
Hoth
August
03
Lopatin is given command of 62 Army
62 Army
Lopatin
04
Shumilov is given command of 64 Army
64 Army
Shumilov
05
Creation of the South-East Front
Eremenko
08
German forces complete encirclement of four Soviet divisions west of Kalach
62 Army 6 Field Army
Lopatin Paulus
09
Eremenko is given command of the Stalingrad Front
Stalingrad Front
Eremenko
Saraev is given command of the Stalingrad NKVD garrison
10 NKVD Rifle Division
Saraev
10
German troops countered at Abganerovo and forced to take defensive position in that sector
64 Army 4 Panzer Army
Shumilov Hoth
19
Renewal of German offensive with actual order of taking the city of Stalingrad
6 Field Army
Paulus
20
No more Soviet forces remaining west of the Don, except two bridgeheads at Serafimovich and Kletskaja
Stalingrad Front
Eremenko
21
14th Panzer Corps crosses the Don and establishes a bridgehead at Vertiachij
14 Panzer Corps
Wietersheim
23
German breakthrough by 8km-wide corridor reaches the Volga north of Stalingrad
16 Panzer Division
Hube
Massive bombing by 4th Air Fleet leads to destruction of the city and tens of thousands of victims
Richthofen
24
Stalingrad Defense Comitee urgently sends civilian fighting battalions to the endangered factory district
Chujanov
Four Soviet armies attack 6 army's north flank and attempt to break the German corridor
Stalingrad Front 6 Field Army
Eremenko Paulus
25
The city of Stalingrad is officially declared under state of siege
10 NKVD Rifle Division
27
Gorokhov's operational group takes positions on the Orlovka-Rynok line, Stalingrad's northern outskirts
124 Rifle Brigade
Gorokhov
29
Zhukov is sent to Stalingrad Front as Stavka Representative to coordinate armies between Don and Volga
Zhukov
September
02
62 and 64 Armies escape encirclement on Stalingrad's approaches by withdrawing swiftly to the city itself
62 Army 6 Field Army
03
Junction of German 6 Army and 4 Panzer Army on near approaches of the city
Army group B
05
Krylov is given interim command of 62 Army
62 Army
Krylov
10
Chuikov is given command of 62 Army
62 Army
Chuikov
The 62 Army forces defending the city are less than 55 000 men
62 Army
The 6 Army forces preparing to attack the city are about 80 000 men
6 Field Army
11
48 Panzer Corps units reaches the Volga on southern outskirts of Stalingrad in the Latoshinka-Kuporosnoe sectors
48 Panzer Corps
Kempf
62 Army is cut off from 64 Army and remains alone in Stalingrad
62 Army
12
Chuikov arrives in 62 Army HQ on Mamaev Kurgan to take effective command
62 Army
Chuikov
Zhukov and Vasilevsky meet Stalin at Stavka GHQ, discussing guidelines of the future counter offensive
Stalin
Meeting at Vinnitsa between Paulus and Hitler, which commands to seize the city in the shortest possible time
Hitler
13
Start of street fighting, with Germans near workers villages before the Barrikady and Red October factories zone
6 Field Army
Paulus
German 51 Corps progresses 3km, captures Gorodische and Alexandrovka stations, and reaches Aviogorodok
51 Army Corps
Seydlitz
Under heavy fire, V.I. Chujkov decides to deplace HQ from Mamaev Kurgan to the bunker on Tsaritsa river
62 Army
Chuikov
14
One of the most critical days : committing strong forces in a major assault, F. Paulus aims at the city center
62 Army 6 Field Army
Chuikov Paulus
German 295 division besieges Mamaev Kurgan, 71 division takes central station and some key buildings near the Volga
51 Army Corps
Seydlitz
Rodimtsev's 13 Guards division starts crossing the Volga at dusk and repels German infiltration from the coastline
13 G. Rifle Division
Rodimtsev
15
13 G. division clears 71 division positions from city center between railway and river line in ferocious counterstrike
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
Rodimtsev Hartmann
Mamaev Kurgan is overrun by 295 division, from the summit Germans have a commanding view over the city and the Volga
295 Infantry Division
Wuthmann
In southern part of the city, 94 infantry and 24 panzer divisions reach railway station n°2 at dusk
24 Panzer Division
Lenski
16
Units from 112 rifle and 13 Guards divisions dislodge Germans from Mamev Kurgan summit, which becomes a no man's land
112 Rifle Division 295 Infantry Division
Ermolkin Wuthmann
Soviet units recapture railway station n.1 beginning a four day struggle for its vicinity
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
Rodimtsev Hartmann
German forces overtake railway station n.2
94 Infantry Division
Pfeiffer
17
Ferocious struggle for central railway station which changes hands several times during the day
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
German troops achieve encirclement of almost all Soviet strongpoints south of the Tsaritsa river
62 Army 48 Panzer Corps
92 Naval Brigade and 137 Tank Brigade arrive as reinforcements to 62nd Army
92 Brigade
18
Renewal of Soviet offensive with 1 Guards, 24 and 66 Armies against German land bridge, region of Kotluban
Stalingrad Front 14 Panzer Corps
Fighting rages around the grain elevator, last stronghold south of Tsaritsa, as its defenders repel numerous assaults
35 G. Rifle Division 48 Panzer Corps
Chujkov moves 62 Army HQ to the Volga bank east of Red October factory
62 Army
Chuikov
19
95 division crosses the Volga and deploys in Mamaev kurgan aera
95 Rifle Division
Gorishny
Forces of Stalingrad Front continue their attempt to break German defences north of the city, with very limited progress
Stalingrad Front 14 Panzer Corps
62nd Army went to the offensive trying to join the Soviet forces attacking north of the corridor, with limited success
62 Army 6 Field Army
Chuikov Paulus
20
95 division fights its way through Mamaev Kurgan summit in southwestern direction
95 Rifle Division
Gorishny
Central railway station completely destroyed, remaining Soviet forces continue fighting in adjacent buildings
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
Defenders in grain elevator repel assaults all day long, fighting to the last cartridge, with building finally occupied
35 G. Rifle Division 94 Infantry Division
21
After regrouping, German forces renew the onslaught in city center towards the Volga
62 Army 51 Army Corps
At the end of the day, German units reach the river along the central ferry crossing, bringing it under direct fire
62 Army 51 Army Corps
Remnants of 244, 133 and 35 divisions, 92 and 42 brigades, cut off from the Army, continue fighting south of Tsaritsa
62 Army
22
284 division crossed the Volga and deployed between city center and Mamaev Kurgan
284 Rifle Division
Batiuk
71 division achieved a critical move in city center by driving through 13 Guards almost to the Volga
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
Rodimtsev Hartmann
At dusk Soviet forces somewhat restore the situation, stabilizing the frontline around 9 January square
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
Rodimtsev Hartmann
23
62 Army develops new tactics, such as use of storm groups, specially designed and equiped for street fighting
62 Army
Chuikov
284 division progresses along Dolgij and Krutoj ravines, retaking part of Mamaev kurgan southern slopes
284 Rifle Division 295 Infantry Division
Batiuk Wuthmann
1st battalion of 42nd regiment, 13th Guards division, now completely encircled near Red square, fight to the last
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
Rodimtsev Hartmann
24
95 division regains ground on southwestern slopes of Mamaev Kurgan, advancing towards Dolgij ravine
95 Rifle Division
Gorishny
After a week of intense fighting, 13 Guards division lost 90 % men against 30 % for 71 division, both are exhausted
13 G. Rifle Division 71 Infantry Division
Rodimtsev Hartmann
K. Zeitzler replaces F. Halder as chief of staff of German Army General Headquarters
Zeitzler
25
685 Rifle Regiment crosses the Volga and deploys in the 13 division sector, aiming for 9 January square
193 Rifle Division
100 Jäger division arrives from the Don sector as reinforcement to German troops inside the city
100 Infantry Division
Soviet local offensives around Mamaev kurgan came to a stall after five days of slow progression
95 Rifle Division
Gorishny
26
Area south of river Tsaritsa now totally under German control, the shattered remnants of its defenders cross the Volga
62 Army 48 Panzer Corps
Fighting in city center loses intensity, each side cleverly entranched and holding its positions
62 Army 6 Field Army
Chuikov Paulus
About two thirds of city center are in German hands, the High Command speaks of "German flag over party buildings"
62 Army 6 Field Army
Chuikov Paulus
27
Paulus changes 6 Army main offensive axis to the workers settlements of Red October and Barrikady factories
62 Army 6 Field Army
Chuikov Paulus
V.I. Chujkov decided to spoil german plans by launching a preemptive assault in direction of newly deployed forces
62 Army 6 Field Army
Chuikov Paulus
With Soviet counterstrikes pinned down by aviation, 389, 100, 295 divisions and 24 panzer division advance up to 3 km
62 Army 6 Field Army
Chuikov Paulus
28
193 division arrives as reinforcement, immediately deployed to sustain the German crushing onslaught
193 Rifle Division
Smekhotvorov
A storm group led by seargent J.F. Pavlov invests a house on 9 January square, with excellent tactical position
13 G. Rifle Division
The Stalingrad Front becomes the Don Front, while the South-East Front becomes the new Stalingrad Front
Stalingrad Front
Eremenko
29
German forces began series of offensives around Orlovka to reduce the Soviet salient in this region
115 Rifle Brigade 51 Army Corps
Andrjusenko Seydlitz
Reinforcements come to Pavlov's house, which becomes a long-lasting fortress under command of leutenant I.F. Afanassiev
13 G. Rifle Division
Forces from 51, 57 and 64 Armies began joint operations to establish bridgeheads around salt lakes south of Stalingrad
Stalingrad Front
Eremenko
30
In the Orlovka salient, unit groups of colonels Andrjusenko (west) and Gorokhov (east) are compressed by German advance
124 Rifle Brigade 14 Panzer Corps
Gorokhov Hube
Shattered remnants from 23 Tank Corps, defending workers villages, are replaced by reffited 42 and 92 rifle brigades
62 Army
Soviet armies gradually slow their frontal attacks in Kotluban region, replacing them by a grinding war of attrition
Stalingrad Front
Zhukov
October
01
In early October, 6 Army controls the western edge of workers villages and almost all slopes of Mamaev Kurgan
62 Army 6 Field Army
Part of 115 brigade is encircled in Orlovka, about 500 defenders continue fighting desperately for a whole week
115 Rifle Brigade
Andrjusenko
S.S. Guriev's 39 Guards division and L.N. Gurtiev's 308 division reinforce 62 Army in Red October and Barrikady factory
39 G. Rifle Division
Guriev
02
V.I. Chuikov's launches counter attacks in the vicinity of workers settlements, hindering German deployment
62 Army 51 Army Corps
Chuikov Seydlitz
Bombing of petrol tanks unleashes burning torrents on 62 Army HQ, leaving it amid fire and smoke during 3 days
62 Army
03
Despite incessant Soviet counterattacks, 389 infantry and 24 panzer divisions slowly advance towards factories area
24 Panzer Division
Lenski
On German side, regiments in 24 panzer division are reduced to less than 1000 men each
24 Panzer Division
Lenski
On Soviet side, regimental strength in 193 and 112 divisions is about 100 men, while 92 brigade fields only 50 men
112 Rifle Division
Ermolkin
04
German progression continues at great cost in workers settlements, the Silikat factory sector is taken
308 Rifle Division 389 Infantry Division
Gurtiev Jaenecke
V.G. Zholudev's 37 Guards division is ferried accross the Volga and takes positions on the Tractor factory approaches
37 G. Rifle Division
Zholudev
D.N. Belov's 84 Tank brigade also begins crossing, but due to lack of vessels only some 20 light tanks can be ferried
62 Army
05
Paulus and Seydlitz decide a momentary stall in offensive operations because of severe losses over previous week
51 Army Corps
Seydlitz
Intense fight is limited to the area of settlements between Barrikady and Tractor factories
37 G. Rifle Division 389 Infantry Division
Zholudev Jaenecke
Under direct mortar fire, 62 Army HQ is moved 500m northwards along the Volga bank, and will stay there to the end
62 Army
Chuikov
06
General pause in the fighting except for artillery and aerial attacks, both sides regrouping for upcoming operations
62 Army 6 Field Army
07
6 Army resumes advance towards Tractor factory, with costly and limited gains, occupying stadium sector at day's end
37 G. Rifle Division 389 Infantry Division
Zholudev Jaenecke
A whole German battalion is anihilated by Katyusha rocket fire, directed by artillery observers detachment
62 Army
German command is definitely convinced of the necessity of conducting a major regrouping of forces with reinforcements
6 Field Army
08
Beginning of a five day-long lull in city fighting, except for artillery fire, reconnaissance sorties and skirmishes
62 Army 6 Field Army
09
Taking opportunity in the absence of enemy activity, 62 Army conducts a partial regrouping of its forces
62 Army
Chuikov
284 division extends to northern slope of Mamaev Kurgan on positions of 95 division, which shifted to factory district
95 Rifle Division
Gorishny
Abolition of the Institution of Commissars and dual command system in Red Army
10
6 Army forces in the city totals about 60 000 men, supported by 2 300 guns, 200 tanks and 900 aircrafts
6 Field Army
Paulus
62 Army forces totals about 44 000 men, supported by 1 400 guns, 80 tanks and 200 aircrafts
62 Army
Chuikov
11
V.P. Sokolov's 45 rifle division takes defensive positions upon the mid-Volga islands, to prevent German crossings
45 Rifle Division
Sokolov
12
Anticipating the upcoming German assault, 37 and 95 divisions counterattack in the stadium sector, advancing 300m
37 G. Rifle Division
Zholudev
13
Under strong aviation cover, 389 division attack in turn, restoring positions conquered by Soviets the day before
389 Infantry Division
Jaenecke
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STAL ingrad battle DATA credits and contact information last major update : 2016-04-05